Phthalates must be listed among the ingredients on Phthalates are chemical compounds that are commonly added to plastics to increase their flexibility, transparency, durability and longevity. Exposure to DEHP can result from contact with medical devices or during medical procedures where devices or equipment containing phthalates are used. Ortho-phthalates (pronounced "thal-ates") are a group of industrial chemicals used as plasticizers that add flexibility and resilience to many plastic consumer products Ortho-phthalates are referred to generally as phthalates. Phthalates are used in hundreds of products in our homes, hospitals, cars and businesses. Phthalates work as softeners in personal care products such as cosmetics and shampoo, as well as flexible plastics like children’s toys. Usually, manufacturers use phthalates to make these materials softer to the touch, less fragile, and more flexible. Though the CDC and FDA have previously reported little about the effects of phthalates on humans, recent research from 2017 cited harmful effects due to overexposure, including hormone imbalances, infertility, and other reproductive issues. Phthalates can be breathed in from dust or fumes from any products that contain vinyl, such as vinyl flooring, vinyl seating (in cars, for example), and some diaper-changing mats. Phthalates (the “ph” is silent) are a class of chemicals that are put into all sorts of different products, often to make plastic soft and flexible, says Barrett. These phthalates can be absorbed into the body by touching or other direct contact with phthalate-containing products. Phthalates are some chemicals that make up certain plastic materials. Why are phthalates dangerous? The phthalates widely selected to soften plastics are used because of their strong performance, durability and stability. The production of fumes by these products is called off-gassing. Phthalates are a family of chemical compounds primarily used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC), or vinyl, flexible and pliant. Phthalates are often added to personal care products, such . as nail polish, perfumes, deodorants, hair gels, shampoos, soaps, hair sprays, and body lotions, to help lubricate other substances in the formula and to carry fragrances. A significant loophole in federal law allows phthalates (and other chemicals) to be added to fragrances without disclosure to consumers. Shown to damage the liver, kidneys, lungs and reproductive systems in animal studies, phthalates can be absorbed through the skin or inhaled. Children’s toys and child care articles containing certain phthalates are prohibited. Phthalates are used in a wide range of cosmetic and food products — plus, they’re released into the environment. 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